HTML layout basic tags with elements

Sample HTML document structure and visual layout & structure are explained below:

HTML layout and structure

HTML layout and structure

  1. Doc Type:

    HTML layout basic tags with elements: Every HTML document (other than HTML 5) must begin with a DTD or doc type to help browsers render necessary graphics and webpage layout according to the coding standards defined by a web developer.

  2. HTML tag: <html> or <HTML>

     tag is the first line of our coding for webpages. The word ‘html’ in the angled brackets tells the web browsers that it is a webpage.

  3. Head:<head> or <HEAD>

    tag contains several important HTML tags within it but the most important ones are described below:

  1. Title: <title> or <TITLE>

     tag tells the web browser what name to be displayed on the title bar of a webpage i.e. anything written inside this tag would be the first information shown to the web users when they access a webpage e.g.

HTML title

HTML title

There are two tabs above: the first one had <title>English Literature Notes &</title>; therefore, it displays the title in the title bar of the webpage. Similarly, Google displays the name of its communities in the title bar of webpages because its title is : <title> Love & Sad Poetry</title>

  1. Meta tags: <meta>

    contains information regarding a webpage including the below:

  • Description:

    This tag is written as <meta name= “description” content= “Learn Web Design with HTML and CSS”>. This tag is very important because search engines, primarily Google, will display the text in search results. Refer to Google-Review your page titles and snippets

  • Keywords:

    This tag is written after the fashion of “description” tag; however, its usage has historically been ‘to tell the search engines what your webpage is about’. For example: <meta name=”keywords” content=”learn html and CSS, HTML 5 and CSS, HTML CSS”>. Though Google does not seem to take much use of this tag, yet other search engines  like Yahoo! don’t seem to refute its usage.

  • Author:

    This meta tag provides information about the author of the webpage.

  1. <Link rel> tag:

    is used within the <header> tag for relating and referencing different files including CSS, JAVASCRIPT, JQUERY files etc.

  1. <body> tag:

    Body Tag’ is the most vital one because it is refers to the part of webpage which is shown to the webpage viewers. Body tag contains:

  • All text and visual information
  • Menus: Menus help in navigation and are considered navigational labels.
  • Header: Headers contain major links for navigation like menus, social icons and logos etc.
  • Footer: Company name and copyright information is generally given in the links mentioned in the footers.
  • Side menus: These display right and left menus or paragraphs for text and visuals.


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